On-campus research facilities include an electronics shop and an instrument construction shop; NMR spectrometers; cryostats capable of reaching milikelvin temperatures; facilities for metal, semiconductor, and organic thin-film deposition; ultraclean rooms; facilities for crystal growth and orientation; and several electron microscopes and scanning-tunneling microscopy systems. The University also has equipment for making measurements involving ultrasonic sound, lasers and nonlinear optics, magnetism, and X-ray scattering.